Silická planina - plateau

Silická planina - plateau - choose what you need

ROUTE

Silická plateau

 Length26km
 Time2hour
 Level of difficultyDifficult 
 TerrainAsphalt, metalled road  

 

stopkm/timelocationinfo/notes

Plešivec

0 km

Československej armády 57(Kostoľná veža), 049 11, GPS: 48.545108, 20.403009

We start in a large parking lot at the church tower in the centre of the village. Here you will join the red sign in the direction of Silická Brezová and the Jaskyňa Domica cave. Whole circuit will be marked by a red biking sign.

Red biking signs crossing

1,5 km

GPS: 48.534497, 20.411734

At the beginning, you will warm up to the red biking signs crossing. Continue straight along the Route 587 towards the Domica cave. Ride through the vast fields and meadows, around the village of Ardovo, through the village of Dlhá Ves, until you reach the Jaskyňa Domica cave. The paths in this area are peaceful and you rarely meet with a car here.

Jaskyňa Domica cave

10 km

GPS: 48.477597, 20.469066

At the cave, you may refresh yourself, sit down for a while, or take a cave tour. The trail continues along the Route 587. At the nearest crossing point, the last one before the Hungarian border, turn left to Kečovo

Municipality of Kečovo

13 km

GPS: 48.493489, 20.484211

The local church is a good landmark in the village of Kečovo. Continue around it. Gradually, as you will be approaching the end of the village, the concrete road will end. After you pass the village, there will be a short, stone pebble. Then you will reach the untouched plains, which are hard to find anywhere else today.

Municipality of Silická Brezová

18 km

GPS: 48.532620, 20.485563

After a few kilometres of biking through forests and meadows, you will reach the village of Silická Brezová. Ridearound the park and the church tower. Continue on the red sign and return to Plešivec. You will be riding up the last metres. Finally, by way of reward, you will ride the last mile downhill pretty fast.

Plešivec

26 km

Československej armády 57(Kostoľná veža), 049 11, GPS: 48.545108, 20.403009

The trail is exceptional by its all-governing peace. Even though you are mostly biking on concrete roads, you will not meet many cars here. It's a bit of a way back in time, through the villages where peaceful atmosphere reigns.

 

SILICKÁ PLANINA - PLATEAU
The Silická Planina plateau is the largest of the Slovak Karst planes covering the area of about 150 km² and spreads in its southern part. It is located in the territory of two countries, Slovakia and Hungary. Its surface is formed by a limestone plateau. The plane is relatively little afforested, hollow plain or plateau. In terms of its geomorphological division, the area of Silická Planina plateau belongs to the Slovenské Rudohorie ore mountains, its whole of the Slovak Karst, and is part of the Inner Western Carpathians.

It is separated from the Plešivecká Planina - plateau by the deep valley of Slaná from the Dolný Vrch mount it is the Turňa river valley, from the south it is bounded by the Rimavská Kotlina basin, from the north its boundary is formed by steep slopes separating the plane from the Rožňavská Kotlina basin and in the east it is separated by Jablonovské Sedlo saddle called Soroška. The plane is made up of light Triassic limestones. The highest hills, the Malý Vrch small hill (679 m) and Drieňovec (676 m) are located in the north of the plateau, from where the total height gradually decreases down to 450 metres in the Domica cave.

Another significant hill is the viewing Dievčenská Skala maiden rock (660 metres above sea level). It offers views of the panorama of the northern part of the Slovak Karst and the Volovské Vrchy mountains. On the northwest edge of the Silická Planina plateau, above the village of Brzotín, you may see the far-reaching Brzotínske Skaly rocks. The Silická Planina plateau has virtually all forms of a typical karst created, and partly also those of fluvial-karstic relief. On the Silická Planina plateau, there is the highest number of the karst phenomena from all the planes of the Slovak Karst.

The biggest tourist attraction of the Silická Planina plateau is its caves and ravines. Altogether, 17 caves and 14 ravines have been found here. From among the caves, the most famous ones here include Silická Ľadnica, Gombasecká Cave, Ardovská Jaskyňa cave, Jaskyňa Majka cave, Milada, Hrušovská Jaskyňa cave, and Jaskyňa Domica cave. The Jaskyňa Domica cave, Krásnohorská Jaskyňa cave, and Gombasecká Jaskyňa cave are accessible to the public. The Babská Diera baba's hole is a 46-metre-long vertical cave ravine and a cult place of a man of the Late Bronze Age Culture of Kyjatice. There are also the deepest ravines of the Slovak Karst - Brázda 180 m, Little Iron Ravine 142 m and Veľká Bukova 141 m. In the vicinity of Kečov, Silica and Silická Brezová, there are relatively large non-afforested parts of the plane, which offer spectacular views. Surface lakes are less typical karst formations.

The best access to the plane is from Silica, Kečovo, and Silická Brezová, which are located directly on the Silická Planina plateau.

 

PLEŠIVEC
Plešivec is a municipality in Slovakia in the district of Rožňava. It lies on the confluence of the Slaná river and the Štítnik creek. Its south-west side is a gateway to the Slovak Karst National Park, starting at the Plešivecká Planina plateau. The steep “bald” slopes of the plain gave the village its name of Plešivec (baldie).

Originally a medieval town, Plešivec was the seat of the Bebek noble family, who built here a lowland castle and ancestral church, a gothic construction with exceptional frescoes serving today's the Reformed Christian Church. Only a part of one of the mounds, about 6 m high, was preserved from the castle.

The village is currently an important road and railway hub, the administrative and cultural centre of the region.

There are various natural attractions in the vicinity of the village, such as sink holes, ravines, exurgences, caves, and rare fauna and flora. The most famous ravines of the Slovak Karst, which are located in the underground of the Plešivecká Planina plateau, are the Zvonivá Jama pit and the Diviačia Priepasť ravine.

DLHÁ VES
The village of Dlhá Ves is situated in the southern part of the Slovak Karst National Park. The village extends on the southwest edge of the limestone Silická Planina plane up to the Dlhoveská Dolina valley, 3 km from the border with the Republic of Hungary, near the world-famous Domica Cave. Near the village, there is the international passage Aggtelek - Domica. The hilly bounds are afforested in the north-east with oak forests and spruce stands.

The name of the village has been gradually changing from Horuati, Hoziwzo, Wziuzow, Hosúsow, Hosúsovo to the present name of Dlhá Ves. It belonged to the Kačič family, then, until the mid-16th century to the Bejeis. In the 14th century, it was the toll station on the way to Turňa. The village was annexed to Hungary in 1938-1945.

You will also find several preserved traditional Gemer sedentary homes from the early 20th and the late 19th centuries.  

The village regularly organizes cultural and social activities and preserves traditional folk crafts and skills. From folk traditions and crafts, burning of charcoal, weaving, lacing, painting on glass have been preserved.

 

JASKYŇA DOMICA CAVE
Domica Cave is the most famous and longest cave of the Slovak Karst National Park. It is located on the Silická Planina plane in the centre of Domica near the villages of Kečovo and Dlhá Ves.

In addition to significant geomorphological values, attention is drawn, in particular, to rare archaeological finds, the rich occurrence of sinter shields and drums, as well as numerous species of bats. There are up to 16 species of bats, about 1,500 pieces. It was created in the Mesozoic era, in the Middle Triasic  Wetterstein limestone of siliceous precipice along tectonic faults by the corrosive and erosive activity of the underground streams of Styx and Domický Potok creeks.

The cave was discovered in 1926, and in 1995, along with other caves of the Slovak Karst, it was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

The stalagmic and stalactic decoration with lots of stalagmites and stalagtites is amazing. The springs stalagtites, pagoda stalagmites and cascading waterfalls in the Roman baths-style are unique. When enough water from the surface of the earth gets inside, boat trips take place on the Styx underground stream. The boat cruise is 150 metres long. The cave is connected with the Devil's Hole cave and forms a single unit with the Baradla cave in the Republic of Hungary of the overall length of about 25 km. The Domica Cave area is 5,368 metres long, of which 1,315 metres are accessible to the public. The air temperature in the cave is about 11° C with humidity of up to 98%.

Due to the natural beauty of the cave, Domica was also used by filmmakers to shoot the film version of the famous fairy tale Salt More Than Gold by Pavel Dobšinský.

The car park is right in front of the entrance area, where there is an educational walkway. Inside, an educational exhibition is installed. The nearest public transport stop is Kečovo, Domica (bus). Access to the cave by car: from Rožňava via Plešivec to Domica -25 km, from Tornaľ via Plešivec to Domica - 25 km.

 

Contact:
Jaskyňa Domica cave, Slovenský kras, cesta č.50, 049 55 Dlhá Ves
Tel.: +421 (0)58/788 20 10, E-mail: domica@ssj.sk, Web: www.ssj.sk

 

KEČOVO
The village of Kečovo is located near the border with Hungary, on the southern edge of the limestone Silická Planina plane. The commune of the village has the character of a hillside without surface flows and is poorly afforested. The surrounding area is rich in sink holes, ravines, exurgences, and caves. The first written mention of the village dates back to the 13th century, and in the 16th century, after the Turkish raids, it was unpopulated and re-populated once again in the 18th century.

In the past, the village was engaged in agriculture, blacksmithing, cattle breeding, charcoal production and lime burning. From 1939 to 1945, the village was annexed to Hungary.

The monuments of the village include the Classicist Evangelical Church of the year 1820, the Classicist Roman Catholic Church consecrated to the Assumption of the Lord from the 19th century, and several preserved traditional Gemer peasant houses.

The subject of protection in this area is our largest scrap field on the limestone hillside below the Maliník Hill (493 m).

 

SILICKÁ BREZOVÁ
Silická Brezová is located in the Rožňava district and the Gemer region. It is situated on the Silická Planina plane, which is located in the middle of Slovak Karst National Park.

Several archaeological finds discovered in the village are indicative of the settlement of this territory in the Neolithic. It appears that, after the Hallstatt Period, the settlement was interrupted until the Middle Ages. Between the years 1938 and 1945, the village belonged to Hungary. Local residents were engaged in farming and livestock breeding. The lead mine did not reach much prosperity, more useful for the village was and still is the mining of red marble.

There are various natural attractions in the vicinity of the village, such as sink holes, ravines, exurgences, caves, and rare fauna and flora. In the village of Silická Brezová, you will find natural attractions - the Kráľova Studňa king’s well, the Milada Cave, and the Zvonivá ravine, which are listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. From among the monuments, there is a 16th-century Renaissance church with a wooden painted pulpit from the 18th century. Furthermore, there are many preserved traditional sedentary houses from the late 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. The village also has a preserved well, which is still functional.

 

ARDOVO
The village is located on the western edge of the Silická Planina plateau, 20 km south-west of Rožňava. The first written mention is from the first half of the 13th century. The village was established by royal forest   wardens and gamekeepers on an older settlement. In 1682, the village was ravaged. The new colonization was only as late as in the year 1740. Between 1939 and 1945, Ardovo was annexed to Hungary. In the past, the inhabitants were engaged in sheep breeding and charcoal burning, and in the Middle Ages there were lead mines in operation here.

The tourist village of Ardovo is famous thanks to the Ardovská Jaskyňa cave. This non-accessible cave is a protected natural monument with an archaeological find. The cave has a stalagmite-stalactite decoration with rare species of bats.

The tourist village of Ardovo is famous thanks to the Ardovská Jaskyňa cave. This non-accessible cave is a protected natural monument with an archaeological find. The cave has a stalagmite-stalactite decoration with rare species of bats.

The most important monuments include the Classicistic Evangelical Church of the year 1788, which is built on the highest point of the village and is a national cultural monument. Another remarkable monument is the brick-walled peasant Mátéov House from 1852. The house is a national cultural monument and is an example of local folk architecture. An exhibition of antiques is prepared for the public in that house. You will also find several preserved traditional peasant houses.

Cultural and social activities are organized regularly in the village: Fancy Dress Ball - Shrovetide, Municipal Days, Ferenc Baka Football Memorial, Retired Persons’ Day, Children's Day, St. Nicholas Children's Party, St. Lucia Tea Lounge, Christmas Theatrical Performance.

Some folk crafts and skills have also been preserved: burning charcoal, making wooden sticks, producing birch brooms, making cornhusk dolls, and so on. The most active are the Gaming Association and the Speleological Club, which attract visitors from other regions and countries (Hungary, the Czech Republic).

 

Restaurants and accommodation:

Pension Skalná Ruža, Gemerská Hôrka 104, Gemerská Hôrka 049 12
+421 905 718046, +421 (0) 587 921 458, info@penzionskalnaruza.sk
Chateau Szigety, Gemerská Panica 230/232, Gemerská Panica 980 46
+421 908 558997, graham@allluxuryholidays.com
Pension Konský Dvor, Kružnianska 514, Brzotín 049 51
+421 907 947 668, +421 905 341 078; restauracia@konskydvor.sk

 

Bikeservice:

Bicykle-Servis-Šport s.r.o., Šafarikova 106, 048 01 Rožňava
 +421 907 101 619, +421 907 471 535, info@bicykle-eshop.sk

Pavol Puškáš - P2sport.sk, Šafárikova 6, 048 01  Rožňava
058 / 733 16 90, 0908 654 393, p2sport@p2sport.sk

 

Tourist information center:

Turistické informačné centrum Rožňava, Námestie baníkov 32, 048 01 Rožňava
Tel.: +421-58-732 81 01, 788 44 20, E-mail: tic.roznava@stonline.sk, Web: www.ticroznava.sk

 


   


S finančnou podporou Ministerstva dopravy a výstavby SR

Did you know what?

The National Park Slovak Krast, with an area of over 36 000 ten-hectares, is one of the biggest karst areas in Central Europe.

The Zádielská Valley belongs to the gems of Slovak rock-climbing? The climbing of the specified rock massives is permitted from 1st August until the 1st of March.

The statue of the marathon runner is the only one in the world. There isn’t an artistic sculpture depicting a marathon runner anywhere else in the world, additionally, a part of this piece of art is documentation of all the marathon winners, who’ve conquered the running track in Košice.

There’s an exceptionally rare epitaph written by the field marshal F. Renaud from 1740 in the Fransiscan Seminary Church, made by G. R. Donner, the exclusive sculptor of Vienna.

The Premonstratesian monastery contains unique symbology? It has 4 entrances, just like the number of seasons, 12 chimneys just like the number of months in a year and 365 windows just like the number of days in a year.

The point situated the lowest in Slovakia is in Dolný Zemplín- the village and municipality Klin nad Bodrogom (94, 3 m above seal level), as well as the lowest situated town in Slovakia - Čierna nad Tisou (110 m above sea level).

Sobrance is the most eastern town in Slovakia.

More than 210 types of birds live in the protected landscape area Latorica.

The reservation Tajba is a unique place where one can find the rare European Pond Tutle.

Morské oko (‘The Eye of the Sea’) is the biggest enclosed volcanic lake in Slovakia.

Vineyard and winemaking district Tokaj is one of the five in the world, where one can grow grapes for the production of naturally sweet wines.

The museum of guitars in Sobranovce is one of a kind in Europe and the second of its kind in the world.

Zemplínska Šírava has the biggest water area in the region and the second biggest in Slovakia.

Ochtinská Aragonite Cave is the only one of its kind in Europe and there are only two other ones like it in the world.

The Silická Ice Cave is a popular hide-out for bats during the winter, on rare occasion, even the rare Natterer's bat (Myotis nattereri).

A prominent writer of romances, Mór Jókai, who was looking for some jewel pieces for his new novel ‘Levočská biela pani‘ visited the castle Krásna Hôrka in the year 1883? His creation was published in many editions and has been translated into many languages.

The precious frescos were only discovered in the church in Štítnik at the beginning of the 20th century.

The building of the church tower in the Barroque Evangelical Church in Betliar lasted just 2.5 months.

The building work on the church of the Reformed Chruch in Hrhov began on the basis of a collection of gold coins from the locals which came to 789 gold coins in total.

The characteristic ‘Šošovkovité‘ (Slovak for ‘in the shape of a lens‘) Square in Spišská Nová Ves is the longest of its kind in Europe.

The tourist season never ends in Slovak Paradise and tourists can carry on exploring it during the winter months.

That the municipality of Smižany, situated in Slovak Paradise, is the biggest municipality in Slovakia.

Kláštorisko had become a hiding place under the incursion of Tartars on the Spiš territory and has frequently acted as a refuge for local inhabitants.

The characteristic style of the Spiš Jerusalem is also emphasized by the planting of the black pine which resembles cedar from the Middle East.

In the year 2000 the likeness of the bridge went as far as being immortalised on a postal stamp.

The town placed lowest in Slovakia: Čierna nad Tisou (110 m above sea level).

The lowest point in Slovakia: Klin nad Bodrogom (94,3 m above sea level).

The first coat-of- arms for a city in Europe: Košice.

The biggest church in Slovakia: St. Elisabeth Cathedral in Košice.

The biggest castle complex in Central Europe: Spiš Castle (4,1 ten-hectares).

The biggest ice cave in Slovakia: Dobšinská Ice Cave (11 200 m3).

The only cold geyser on the European continent: Herľany.

The oldest marathon in Europe and the second oldest in the world: The International Marathon of Peace (Košice, 1924).

The largest karstic area in Central Europe: The Slovak Karst (440km²).

One of the three accessible aragonite caves in the world: Ochtinská Aragonite Cave.

The biggest botanical garden in Slovakia in terms of the size of its area: Košice (30 ten-hectares, more than 4000 plant species are being grown here).

The tallest church tower in Slovakia: the church Nanebovzatia Panny Márie in Spišská Nová Ves (87m).

The second biggest water area in Slovakia: Zemplínska Šírava (area 33 km², the maximum length 11km, maxiumum breadth 3.5km, the average depth 9.5m and the maximum depth being 14m).

Endemic (a plant which doesn’t grow anywhere else in the world): Onosma tornensis (Turniansky Castle).

Košice’s golden treasure, containing 920 gold coins from the 15th-17th century, belongs to the oldest bulk discoveries in the world.

The largest zoo in Central Europe and in Slovakia in terms of the size of its area : ZOO Košice.

„Slovenský systém kvality služieb v cestovnom ruchu je inovatívny manažérsky nástroj, ktorý pomáha subjektom pôsobiacim v cestovnom ruchu kontinuálne zvyšovať kvalitu poskytovaných služieb. Jeho ideovým východiskom je osvedčený nemecký systém ServiceQualität Deutschland, ktorého licenciu zakúpilo a pre slovenské podmienky prispôsobilo Ministerstvo dopravy, výstavby a regionálneho rozvoja SR.“